A Vision for the Future: Revive the U.S. Space Program
Once, under of the visionary leadership and total commitment of President John F. Kennedy, the U.S. mobilized successfully for an unprecedented achievement, creating from scratch the previously non-existent technologies and capabilities that brought humans to the Moon.
The spirit of conquering the unknown, that which lies in the future, and bringing it into reality, is a quality which is uniquely and universally human. It was this spirit which animated the breakthroughs of the space program of the 1960s. Even before the 1969 Moon landing, it was unknown whether many of the actions necessary to accomplish the eventual lunar goal could be carried out. For example, it was not known whether it were even possible to rendezvous two orbiting objects, a maneuver which proved to be completely counter-intuitive,1Orbital mechanics work very differently than movement on Earth. If you want to catch up to an object ahead of you in orbit, and you speed up, you will move to a different orbit, and further away from the object ahead! until the technique was figured out, and demonstrated for the first time by the 1965 Gemini 6 & 7 missions.
Left: Gemini 7 photographed from Gemini 6, orbiting just feet away in the first ever orbital rendezvous, December 15, 1965. Right: The New York Times front page documents the accomplishment. Credit: rarenewspapers.com
This spirit of achievement was vectoring mankind very quickly beyond the Moon, to reach destinations in deep space, as evidenced by the rather successful program to develop nuclear rocket propulsion technology, necessary for distant travel, the NERVA rocket program.2NERVA, which, with its 1950s predecessor Project Rover, was shut down in the early 1970s despite its great successes.
Today, after 50 years of takedown of the space program, and especially the recent reprehensible attacks on and sabotage by Barack Obama, the U.S. cannot even put people into orbit, let alone replicate what was accomplished nearly 50 years ago.
What most Americans don’t realize is how quickly this could be reversed.
A Return to the Moon
As recently as 2010, it was official U.S. policy to return people to the Moon by 2020, and a mobilization was underway within NASA to do it.
The Constellation Program, part of the 2004 “Vision for Space Exploration,” committed the U.S. to building a new fleet of rockets, crew vehicles and lunar landers (hardware and associated infrastructure lost since the post-Apollo takedown of our space capability) to land men on the Moon, and to do this as the necessary technological stepping stone to landing man on Mars.
The program included the Altair lunar lander, the Orion crew capsule, and the Ares I and V rockets. It was complemented by other (some already ongoing) programs which were folded into a unified mission-orientation, such as the development of a nuclear-powered rocket engine (Project Prometheus), necessary for efficient travel beyond the Moon, to be tested by visiting the icy moons of Jupiter, and other exploration programs, such as the (now successful) New Horizons mission to Pluto.
The timeline published by NASA in the 2004 "Vision for Space Exploration" folds existing mission (such as the Hubble Telescope, and the New Horizons mission) into an overall effort toward the Moon, Mars, and beyond.
The Orion crew capsule and service module were designed for 4-6 astronauts (as opposed to the Apollo Command Module's 3).
The Altair lunar lander, designed for 4 astronauts, with 5 times the volume of the Apollo program lunar module.
The Ares rocket family (right) compared with earlier Saturn V (Apollo era) and Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Booster designs. The fleet of Ares rockets was designed to get all of the components needed for the long journeys to the Moon and Mars into low Earth orbit, where they would rendezvous with the crew and depart for their destinations.
A depiction of the proposed Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter, with its nuclear-powered ion engine, just entering Jupiter's neighborhood.
Other complementary missions to orbit and study the Moon in preparation for human activity there include the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, which is still currently operating, and has sent back beautiful ultra-high resolution images of the Moon’s surface, data on the lunar radiation environment, and evidence of the existence of water ice on the Moon. Recently-concluded missions have mapped the Moon’s gravitational field (GRAIL), flown through and analyzed the lunar atmosphere (LADEE), and made a crash landing into a crater (LCROSS) which showed that there is, indeed, water on the Moon.
A depiction of NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter. The LRO is carrying out detailed mappings of the lunar surface, including a 3D surface map, scouting for resources, a topographic map, detecting the radiation environment, etc.
The LRO imaged the landing site of China's Chang'e 3 lander in 2013, shortly after its arrival, and twice in 2014.
The Apollo 17 landing site, complete with tracks of the Lunar Roving Vehicle, foot tracks of the astronauts, the “Challenger” descent stage, and other equipment.
The GRAIL mission (1-year mission from December 2011-2012) consisted of two orbiters flying in tight formation, which made a mapping of the Moon's gravitational field, among other studies.
A detailed mapping of variations in the Moon's gravitation field, made by GRAIL.
Test your knowledge
(don't just google it!)
The U.S. has not had a rocket capable of bringing people to the Moon since the last Saturn V was launched in 1973. Which country or countries now have that capability?
That's right. No one! China’s Long March 9 is scheduled to be ready in 2030. The NASA SLS heavy-lift rocket equivalent of the Saturn V is not scheduled for use until the 2030s, and further budget cuts by the administration make these deadlines doubtful, until full-support for manned spaceflight can be restored under a new presidency.
This 1986 paper was a key part of Mr. LaRouche's campaign for President, and was the basis of his famous television broadcast, "The Woman on Mars". While the specifics steps for a space program today may differ from this writing, the overall principles remain the same.